Everyone has had a blister or a corn, but these small inconveniences are much more serious for people with diabetes, whose feet are particularly vulnerable to the infection. Bad blood circulation, which is common in the diabetes type 2, makes healing much more difficult. Due to damage of the nerves, it is not possible to feel ulcers, blisters or corns.
Try to check your feet every night to be sure that you do not have ulcers, blisters or courts. This must be your daily ritual. There are many reasons why a person with diabetes can have difficulties to check his/her feet thoroughly. For example, obesity, problems with the back and arthritis can reduce the flexibility that is needed for a closer look at the feet. Also, damaged eyesight can make it difficult, too. In any case, you should seek help if you need it.
However, it can be quite unpleasant to seek for help, but this article will present you several tips which can help you take a closer look at your feet yourself!
- Put a small mirror under the bed.
When you’re ready to go to bed, use your toes to slide the mirror under the bed. Then, examine your feet in the mirror and then it slide the mirror back again into its secret storage.
- Be careful for big and small inflammations.
When you’ve checked your feet, make sure that you don’t have any open wounds and courts. The signs of infection include redness, distension, drainage, suppuration or heat. Call your doctor immediately if you notice some of these symptoms in the place of the splinters, or the fingernails of the feet. Smaller signs also need a rapid attention, including redness, tripe or callosities. Pay special attention to the fingers of your feet and the top of the foot when you do your examinations. That can be the place where majority of blister develop.
- Clean and treat any small scrapes and courts rapidly.
Wash your hands with soap and water. Next, wash the wound with water and soap, rinse with more water, and dry with a clean towel. Apply a little bit of antibiotic ointment on a cotton ball and a thin layer of ointment on the wound. (Do not apply the ointment with your fingers!) Cover the wound with an adhesive bandage. If the wound doesn’t become better in one day, or if there are signs of infection, as distension, redness, heat or suppuration, contact your doctor or a specialist immediately.
- Hydrate yourself.
When you go to the toilet at night, check if there are tiny white flakes of skin falling down. These scales are the cells of your dry skin. If you see them, your skin must be very dry. If your skin is not hydrated, it might start cracking and it will certainly become more vulnerable to infections. Pay special attention to your heels and the top of your feet, where the dryness is more probable. Moisturize your feet and then put some clean cotton socks on to leave the moisture on the skin.